Russia at a glance

Russia is the largest country in the world spread over vast areas in Europe and Asia with the access to the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans. It covers nine time zones and shares more than 20,000 km of common border with other states.

Our country is a federation of 85 constituent regions. Two of those have acceded to Russia early in 2014 as a result of historic reunion of the Crimea with the Russian Federation. Exercising their right to self-determination enshrined in the UN Charter, the Crimean people held a vital referendum on March 16, 2014 in full compliance with democratic procedures and international norms. More than 82 percent of the electorate took part in the vote. Over 96 percent of them spoke out in favour of reuniting Russia. Two days later the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol joined the Russian Federation on the basis of the international treaty concluded between them. This event was widely celebrated both in the Crimea and in the rest of Russia with people considering it as a restoration of the historical justice.

Russia is a motherland to more than 160 ethnic groups. People of different religions have for centuries been living together in peace. Russia is home for more than 10‑millon indigenous Muslims.

The Russian Federation is the 5th largest world economy, its gold and foreign currency reserves exceed 500 trillion USD. A developed fuel industry is built on huge natural gas and oil resources. Russia is the leading natural gas supplier in the world and ranks second in exports of crude oil with extensive pipelines stretching over dozens of countries both in Europe and Asia.

Russia is famous for its high tech sector. In 1961 our country was the first to send a human into space with its citizen Yuri Gagarin being the first astronaut of the mankind. Today it plays a prominent role in space exploration, contributing to maintenance of the International Space Station and launching more spacecrafts than any other nation.

Russia is at the cutting edge of nuclear research. At the moment the only one in the world fast neutron reactor is operated in Russia. Its services in atomic energy are in great demand on the global market with a number of nuclear power plants being under construction with the Russian assistance in Europe and Asia.

Today Russia is a credible member of the international community, a generous host to major global events. The Winter Olympic Games held in the city of Sochi in February 2014 was a graphic example of that. Our country welcomes tourists from all over the world eager to see its historic places and natural sights.